SpeechTX

Phonemic Awareness

Segmentation

Segmentation of sounds is a technique of separating words into their component sounds and understanding there are individual sounds in the word.
Teaching Strategies
  • Say it Slow?
  • Target consonant/vowel/consonant (CVC) words that have similar sounds (pot, top, cat, tip). Record each individual sound on a different switch or button of a multi-message speech device*. Pronounce a word and tell the children that this is the fast way to say the word, and give an example of the slow way. For example, pat (fast way)and p-a-t (slow way). Give the student another word eg. cat and ask if they can say it the slow way (c-a-t) using the speech device.

  • Drop and Say
  • Have 5-10 picture cards of target words that can have the initial sound deleted and still be a word (e.g. deer/ear, feet/eat, farm/arm). Record the words with the initial sound deleted on a multi-message speech device* labeled with the picture and/or the written word. Pick a target word (or use an All-Turn-It Spinner) and the student deletes the initial phoneme by pressing the button on the speech device that corresponds to the new word.
  • Variation: Follow the directions but delete final phonemes.

  • Make a Word
  • Have 5-10 picture cards of target words that can have the initial sound replaced to make another word (e.g. cat/bat, cow/wow, hot/pot). Record the words on a multi-message speech device* labeled with the picture and/or the written word. Pick a target phoneme (or use an All-Turn-It Spinner) and have the student replace the initial phoneme by pressing the button on the speech device that corresponds to the new word made by substituting the phoneme.
  • Variation: Substitute the final phoneme sound to make a new word.